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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Prognostic value of c-mpl expression in myelodysplastic syndromes.

The c-mpl proto-oncogene which encodes a member of the hematopoietic cytokine receptor superfamily has been recently shown to be the receptor for thrombopoietin (TPO), which stimulates megakaryocyte progenitor expansion and differentiation. We studied c-mpl expression by Northern blot analysis, in a large series of 58 MDS. No expression was found in 14 patients with refractory anemia (RA) or with refractory anemia with ring sideroblasts (RARS). In contrast 11/26 (42%) patients with refractory anemia with excess of blasts (RAEB), or with RAEB in transformation (RAEBt), and 8/18 (44%) patients with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) expressed c-mpl. In CMML patients, no correlation was found between c-mpl expression and any prognostic factor tested, nor with the course of the disease. In contrast, in RAEB and RAEBt, expression of c-mpl was correlated with high Bournemouth scoring (P < 0.005) and poor survival (P = 0.02) due to leukemic transformation. Forty-five per cent (5/11) of the c-mpl positive patients evolved towards AML with a mean follow-up of 10.5 months, while 13% (2/15) of the c-mpl negative patients developed a secondary leukemia, with a mean follow-up of 21.1 months. Moreover, in RAEB and RAEBt, a significant correlation was observed between c-mpl, CD34, megakaryocyte glycoprotein IIb (GPIIb) expression, and the presence of dysmegakaryopoiesis. These results indicate that patients with RAEB and RAEBt, with high expression of the c-mpl, CD34, and GPIIb genes, may identify a subgroup of patients with particularly poor prognosis, due to an increased risk of secondary leukemia. More aggressive therapy could be justified in these patients.[1]

References

  1. Prognostic value of c-mpl expression in myelodysplastic syndromes. Bouscary, D., Preudhomme, C., Ribrag, V., Melle, J., Viguié, F., Picard, F., Guesnu, M., Fenaux, P., Gisselbrecht, S., Dreyfus, F. Leukemia (1995) [Pubmed]
 
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