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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Urinary 3 alpha,17 beta-androstanediol glucuronide is a measure of androgenic status in Eld's deer stags (Cervus eldi thamin).

To determine the primary excretory by-products of testosterone ( T), 85 microCi [3H]T was administered i.v. to two adult Eld's deer stags. Blood (10 ml) was collected by jugular venipuncture at 0, 5, 10, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, 120, 150, 180, 240, and 480 min after isotope infusion, and all urine and feces were collected for 96 h after injection. Seventy percent of labeled circulating steroid was conjugated by 30 min postinfusion. The majority (80.4 +/- 3.2%) of T metabolites were excreted into urine, and 95.0 +/- 0.9% of these were conjugated, 95.8 +/- 0.2% being hydrolyzable with glucuronidase. Seven urinary androgen metabolites, including androstanediol (5 alpha-androstan-3 alpha-17 beta-diol and 5 beta-androstan-3 alpha-17 beta-diol), were identified in glucoronidase-hydrolyzed, ether-extracted Eld's deer urine pools after gas chromatography/ mass spectrometry. A double-antibody 125I RIA for 5 alpha-androstanediol-3 alpha, 17 beta-diol,17-glucuronide (3 alpha-diol-G) was validated for unprocessed urine. Longitudinal assessments of urine samples collected from 13 stages for 3 yr revealed biological concordance between fluctuations in urinary 3 alpha-diol-G and serum T, as well as seasonal changes in secondary sexual characteristics. Overall correlation between "same-day" matched serum T and urinary 3 alpha-diol-G was 0.58, (n = 6; p < 0.001). Thus, monitoring urinary 3 alpha-diol-G provides a noninvasive, alternative method for characterizing male endocrine interrelationships in an endangered ungulate species.[1]


  1. Urinary 3 alpha,17 beta-androstanediol glucuronide is a measure of androgenic status in Eld's deer stags (Cervus eldi thamin). Monfort, S.L., Harvey, E., Geurts, L., Padilla, L., Simmons, H.A., Williamson, L.R., Wildt, D.E. Biol. Reprod. (1995) [Pubmed]
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