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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Phosphatidic acid and lysophosphatidic acid induce haptotactic migration of human monocytes.

The present study was aimed at defining the chemotactic activity of phosphatidic acid, which is rapidly produced by phagocytes in response to chemotactic agonists. Exogenously added phosphatidic acid induced human monocyte directional migration across polycarbonate filters with an efficacy (number of cell migrated) comparable to that of "classical" chemotactic factors. In lipid specificity studies, activity of phosphatidic acid decreased with increasing acyl chain length but was restored by introducing unsaturation in the acyl chain with the most active form being the natural occurring 18:0,20:4-phosphatidic acid. Lysophosphatidic acid was also active in inducing monocyte migration. No other phospholipid and lysophospholipid tested was effective in this response. Monocyte migration was regulated by a gradient of phosphatidic acid and lysophosphatidic acid bound to the polycarbonate filter, in the absence of detectable soluble chemoattractant. Migration was also observed if phospholipids were bound to fibronectin-coated polycarbonate filters. Thus, phosphatidic acid and lysophosphatidic acid, similarly to other physiological chemoattractants (e.g. C5a and interleukin-8), induce cell migration by an haptotactic mechanism. Phosphatidic acid caused a rapid increase of filamentous actin and, at higher concentrations, induced a rise of intracellular calcium concentration. Monocyte migration to phosphatidic acid and lysophosphatidic acid, but not to diacylglycerol, was inhibited in a concentration-dependent manner by Bordetella pertussis toxin, while cholera toxin was ineffective. In the chemotactic assay, phosphatidic acid and lysophosphatidic acid induced a complete homologous desensitization and only partially cross-desensitized one with each other, or with diacyl-glycerol and monocyte chemotactic protein-1. Suramine inhibited monocyte chemotaxis with a different efficiency phosphatidic acid > lysophosphatidic acid" diacyl-glycerol On the contrary, monocyte chemotactic protein-1-induced chemotaxis was not affected by the drug. Collectively, these data show that phosphatidic acid induces haptotactic migration of monocytes that is at least in part receptor-mediated. These results support a role for phosphatidic acid and lysophosphatidic acid in the regulation of leukocyte accumulation into tissues.[1]


  1. Phosphatidic acid and lysophosphatidic acid induce haptotactic migration of human monocytes. Zhou, D., Luini, W., Bernasconi, S., Diomede, L., Salmona, M., Mantovani, A., Sozzani, S. J. Biol. Chem. (1995) [Pubmed]
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