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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Mechanism of platelet aggregation induced by a monoclonal antibody requiring Fc portion.

A monoclonal antibody designated Apt4, which is IgG1, was produced by fusion of mouse myeloma cells to spleen cells from a BALB/c mouse immunized with normal human platelets. Apt4 whole IgG caused the aggregation of both platelet rich plasma ( PRP) and washed platelets from normal subjects and a patient with Bernard Soulier syndrome but not those from two patients with the Type 1 Glanzmann's thrombasthenia. No aggregation was observed when Apt4 F(ab')2 fragments were used. Immunofluorescence study showed that both whole IgG and F(ab')2 fragments of Apt4 bound to fresh or formalin fixed platelets from normal subjects and a patient with Bernard Soulier syndrome but not to those from two patients with Glanzmann's thrombasthenia. Aggregation induced by Apt4 IgG was inhibited by EDTA (10 mM), PGE1 (1 mM), 2-deoxy-D-glucose/antimycin (1.4 uM), and apyrase (20 units/ml). Preincubation of normal PRP with monoclonal anti-GPIIb/IIIa or anti-GPIb antibodies completely or partially inhibited the Apt4-induced aggregation, whereas anti-GPIIIa antibodies have no effects on this activation. Monoclonal ant-Fc gamma RII antibody (IV.3) inhibited Apt4 induced aggregation. Immunoprecipitation of 125I-labeled platelet membrane lysate by Apt4 IgG showed two protein bands with a molecular weight of 145,000 and 95,000 daltons respectively under non-reducing condition, which are corresponding to GPIIb and GPIIIa. In conclusion, Apt4 antibody binds to GPIIb/IIIa complex and induces aggregation, requiring energy metabolism, calcium, ADP release and Fc portion of IgG to interact with Fc receptor, but independent of thromboxane A2 formation.[1]

References

  1. Mechanism of platelet aggregation induced by a monoclonal antibody requiring Fc portion. Yu, A.X., Wu, X.W., Li, J.Z., Lian, E.C. Thromb. Res. (1993) [Pubmed]
 
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