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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Epitope mapping of the cat (Felis domesticus) major allergen Fel d I by overlapping synthetic peptides and monoclonal antibodies against native and denatured Fel d I.

The major cat allergen Fel d I is a homodimer of which each monomer consists of two disulfide-linked polypeptide chains: chain 1 (70 amino acid residues) and chain 2 (92 amino acid residues). Twenty-one synthetic peptides of 14 amino acid residues length, overlapping by seven residues and spanning the entire sequence of both chains, were synthesized. These peptides were coupled to CNBr-activated Sepharose-4B and used as solid-phase antigens in epitope-mapping studies with monoclonal antibodies against native and reduced/alkylated Fel d I. Two monoclonal antibodies directed against reduced/alkylated chain 1 bound to the overlapping peptides 53-66 and 60-70 of chain 1. The monoclonal antibody directed against reduced/alkylated chain 2 bound to the overlapping peptides 36-49 and 43-56 of chain 2. Binding specificity was demonstrated by inhibition by reduced/alkylated Fel d I for all three monoclonal antibodies. Another monoclonal antibody against reduced/alkylated Fel d I had been found to bind predominantly to reduced/alkylated chain 2 on immunoblot in previous studies. It bound to peptides 1-16 and 60-70 of chain 1 and peptides 1-14 and 50-63 of chain 2; it is therefore probably directed against a conformational epitope formed by these four regions. Possibly because of low affinity of this monoclonal antibody, specificity of its binding could not be verified by inhibition studies. A panel of monoclonal antibodies directed against native Fel d I bound to peptides 1-16 and 60-70 of chain 1 and peptides 1-14 and 43-56 of chain 2.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]

References

  1. Epitope mapping of the cat (Felis domesticus) major allergen Fel d I by overlapping synthetic peptides and monoclonal antibodies against native and denatured Fel d I. van 't Hof, W., van Milligen, F.J., van den Berg, M., Lombardero, M., Chapman, M.D., Aalberse, R.C. Allergy (1993) [Pubmed]
 
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