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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Transmembrane helix-helix interactions and accessibility of H2DIDS on labelled band 3, the erythrocyte anion exchange protein.

4,4'-Diisothiocyanodihydrostilbene-2,2'-disulphonate (H2DIDS), a bifunctional inhibitor of anion exchange in erythrocytes, reacts with Lys-539 in band 3 at neutral pH and crosslinks to Lys-851 at alkaline pH. The accessibility of H2DIDS-labelled band 3 was determined using an anti-H2DIDS antibody and proteolysis. Competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) showed that a polyclonal antibody raised against H2DIDS-labelled keyhole limpet hemocyanin bound a variety of stilbene disulphonates in the following order of affinities, H2DIDS having the highest affinity: H2DIDS > 4,4'-diisothiocyanostilbene-2,2'-disulphonate (DIDS) > 4-acetamido-4'-isothiocyanostilbene-2,2'disulphonate (SITS) > 4,4'-dinitrostilbene-2,2'-disulphonate (DNDS) > 4,4'-diaminostilbene-2,2'-disulphonate (DADS). The antibody readily detected mono- or bifunctionally H2DIDS-labelled band 3 and proteolytic fragments on immunoblots. H2DIDS attached to Lys-539 is retained in a 7.5 kDa membrane-associated peptide after papain treatment of ghost membranes while the sequence around Lys-851 is more accessible. The band 3 proteolytic fragments protected by the membrane from proteolysis remained associated as a specific complex with a Stokes radius slightly smaller than the dimeric membrane domain after solubilization in detergent solution and retained 82% of the amino acid content of the membrane domain. Circular dichroism (CD) measurements of this H2DIDS-labelled complex showed that it had a very high helical content (86%). The loops connecting the transmembrane segments in H2DIDS-labelled band 3 are therefore not required to maintain transmembrane helix-helix interactions. Denatured band 3 prelabelled with H2DIDS was more readily immunoprecipitated with the anti-H2DIDS antibody than was native band 3 in detergent solution. Deglycosylation of band 3 or proteolytic cleavage of the extramembranous loops did not enhance immunoprecipitation of H2DIDS-labelled band 3. The stilbene disulphonate inhibitor site is therefore relatively inaccessible and is bound by a bundle of helices in the native band 3 protein.[1]


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