The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Purification and characterization of a newly identified isoform of cytochrome P450 responsible for 3-hydroxylation of 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl in hamster liver.

In the hamster liver, 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl ( TCB) is metabolized to 3-hydroxy- and 4-hydroxy-2,5,2',5'-TCB to a similar extent, and formation of the former metabolite is stimulated by phenobarbital pretreatment of the animals, while that of the latter metabolite is stimulated by 3-methylcholanthrene pretreatment. In the present study, we identified a new isoform (designated P450HPB-1) of cytochrome P450 which proved to be phenobarbital-inducible and responsible for 3-hydroxylation of this TCB isomer. This isoform was purified from liver microsomes of phenobarbital-treated hamsters and characterized. P450HPB-1 has a molecular mass of 50 kDa, determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and the absorption maxima of the oxidized form at 417 nm and of the reduced CO-complex form at 450 nm. The sequence of 28 amino acids of P450HPB-1 at the amino-terminal has a 68% similarity with those of rat P450 2B1 and mouse P450 2b10, 57% similarity with that of guinea pig P450GP-1, and 54% similarity with that of guinea pig P450GP-1, and 54% similarity with those of rabbit P450 2B4 and dog P450 2B11. P450HPB-1 in the reconstituted system catalyzed the 3- but not 4-hydroxylation of 2,5,2',5'-TCB, at a rate of 19.0 pmol/min/nmol P450. The isoform also has high catalytic activity for 17-oxidation of testosterone but low activity for the N-demethylation of benzphetamine and 16 alpha- and 16 beta-hydroxylations of testosterone. In microsomal metabolism of 2,5,2',5'-TCB, rabbit antiserum against P450HPB-1 almost completely inhibited 3- but not 4-hydroxylation. Immunoblot analysis of hamster liver microsomes revealed that P450HPB-1 was constitutive and phenobarbital-inducible but was decreased by pretreatment with 3-methylcholanthrene or 3,4,5,3',4'-pentachlorobiphenyl. These results suggest that P450HPB-1 belongs in the P450 2B subfamily and apparently plays a major role in the 3-hydroxylation of 2,5,2',5'-TCB, in hamster liver.[1]

References

  1. Purification and characterization of a newly identified isoform of cytochrome P450 responsible for 3-hydroxylation of 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl in hamster liver. Koga, N., Kikuichi-Nishimura, N., Hara, T., Harada, N., Ishii, Y., Yamada, H., Oguri, K., Yoshimura, H. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. (1995) [Pubmed]
 
WikiGenes - Universities