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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

High-dose fractionated total-body irradiation, etoposide, and cyclophosphamide followed by autologous stem-cell support in patients with malignant lymphoma.

PURPOSE: To evaluate a high-dose treatment regimen of fractionated total-body irradiation (TBI), etoposide, and cyclophosphamide (Cy) followed by autologous stem-cell transplantation (ASCT) in patients with malignant lymphoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-three patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma ( NHL; n = 43) or Hodgkin's disease (HD; n = 10) received 12.0 Gy of fractionated TBI, etoposide 60 mg/kg, and Cy 100 mg/kg followed by infusion of autologous hematopoietic stem cells. RESULTS: Thirty-one of 53 patients are alive a median of 643 (range, 177 to 1,144) days after transplant. The 2 year Kaplan-Meier (K-M) estimates of survival, event-free survival (EFS), and relapse for all 53 patients were 54%, 45%, and 43%, respectively. Sixteen of 24 patients with less advanced disease and 10 of 29 patients with more advanced disease survive free of disease for K-M estimates of EFS of 61% and 31%, respectively (P = .006). The K-M estimates of relapse were 34% for patients with less advanced disease and 53% (P = .05) for patients with more advanced disease. The K-M estimates of dying from causes other than relapse were 8% in patients with less versus 25% in patients with more advanced disease (P = .09). CONCLUSION: These data indicate that approximately 60% of patients transplanted early after failure of initial therapy for malignant lymphoma are projected to be disease-free more than 2 years after treatment with fractionated TBI, etoposide, and Cy and infusion of autologous hematopoietic stem cells. The transplant-related mortality rate is low and relapse is the main cause of treatment failure in patients with less advanced disease. For patients with more advanced disease, the K-M estimates of both transplant-related deaths (25%) and relapse (53%) remain major problems.[1]

References

  1. High-dose fractionated total-body irradiation, etoposide, and cyclophosphamide followed by autologous stem-cell support in patients with malignant lymphoma. Weaver, C.H., Petersen, F.B., Appelbaum, F.R., Bensinger, W.I., Press, O., Martin, P., Sandmaier, B., Deeg, H.J., Hansen, J.A., Brunvand, M. J. Clin. Oncol. (1994) [Pubmed]
 
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