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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Role of the transcriptional activator AppY in regulation of the cyx appA operon of Escherichia coli by anaerobiosis, phosphate starvation, and growth phase.

Transcriptional lacZ fusions have been used to analyze the regulation of the appA operon of Escherichia coli. The appA operon contains the genes cyxA and cyxB, coding for the putative third cytochrome oxidase, and appA, encoding acid phosphatase. The analysis showed that the cyxAB and the appA genes are cotranscribed from a potentially strong promoter, Pcyx, located immediately upstream of cyxA and that the operon in addition contains an internal promoter, PappA, contributing significantly to the transcription of the appA gene. The two promoters were both induced by starvation for Pi and by entry into stationary phase. The cyx promoter was in addition found to be activated by anaerobic growth conditions. The product of the previously identified appY gene, which when present on a high-copy-number plasmid stimulates synthesis of acid phosphatase, was shown to activate the cyx promoter. An insertion mutation in the appY gene was constructed in vitro and recombined into the chromosome. The appY mutation eliminated induction of the cyx promoter by anaerobiosis and severely reduced induction of this promoter by phosphate starvation and upon entry into stationary phase but had no effect on induction of the appA promoter. The appY mutation had no effect on survival in stationary phase, nor did it have any effect on growth rate or yield under aerobic or anaerobic conditions. The possibility that AppY is a third global regulator of energy metabolism genes is discussed.[1]


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