The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Retinoid processing in retinal pigment epithelium of toad (Bufo marinus).

The formation of 11-cis-[3H]retinal in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and its release to extracellular medium containing interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein (IRBP) were studied in the RPE eyecup of the toad (Bufo marinus). The RPE was labeled with all-trans-[3H]retinol during an initial 1-h incubation. In phase 2 of the incubation (0-2 h), the extracellular medium contained initially ligand-free IRBP (0-26 microM). Retinoids subsequently extracted from the extracellular medium and RPE were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography and scintillation counting. IRBP increased both the molar amount and specific radioactivity of 11-cis-retinal released by the RPE during phase 2. The molar amount of 11-cis-retinal in the RPE was small relative to that of retinal released with high IRBP. With 21 microM IRBP and phase 2 incubations of > or = 10 min, the specific radioactivity of released 11-cis-retinal exceeded that of all-trans-retinyl ester in the RPE. The specific radioactivity of 11-cis-retinyl ester was less than that of all-trans-ester, independent of IRBP concentration. The results indicate that IRBP promotes the formation (from all-trans-precursor) as well as the release of 11-cis-retinal and suggest the preferred utilization of recently incorporated and esterified all-trans-retinol in 11-cis-retinal synthesis in a "last in/first out" manner.[1]


  1. Retinoid processing in retinal pigment epithelium of toad (Bufo marinus). Okajima, T.I., Wiggert, B., Chader, G.J., Pepperberg, D.R. J. Biol. Chem. (1994) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities