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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Effects of aminophylline on cardiac function and regional myocardial perfusion: implications regarding its antiischemic action.

Aminophylline improves exercise capacity in patients with angina. Because this drug does not dilate epicardial coronary vessels, its beneficial effect is from either a reduction of myocardial oxygen consumption or an improvement of myocardial blood flow distribution. This study was performed to assess the effects of aminophylline on cardiac function and on regional myocardial perfusion to establish the mechanisms of its antiischemic action. In 10 patients during cardiac catheterization hemodynamic parameters and cardiac volumes were obtained during baseline and after intravenous infusion of aminophylline. Aminophylline decreased left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (from 11 +/- 4 to 4 +/- 2 mmHg, p < 0.001), mean right atrial pressure (from 5 +/- 2 to 2 +/- 1 mmHg, p < 0.01), and left ventricular end-diastolic volume (from 117 +/- 36 to 88 +/- 36 ml, p < 0.01); it increased peak dp/dt (from 1931 +/- 329 to 2430 +/- 540 mmHg/sec, p < 0.001) and heart rate (from 69 +/- 9 to 76 +/- 14 beats/min, p < 0.05) and did not modify systolic aortic pressure (138 +/- 14 vs 137 +/- 16 mmHg, p = not significant [NS]). Estimated oxygen consumption during aminophylline (6.7 +/- 1.3 ml/min/gm) was similar to that during baseline (6.7 +/- 1.4 ml/min/gm). In another study in nine anesthetized dogs with a critical stenosis of the left anterior descending artery, myocardial perfusion was assessed by microspheres during control atrial pacing and during atrial pacing after aminophylline; left atrial pressure was kept constant throughout the study.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]

References

  1. Effects of aminophylline on cardiac function and regional myocardial perfusion: implications regarding its antiischemic action. Crea, F., Gaspardone, A., Araujo, L., Da Silva, R., Kaski, J.C., Davies, G., Maseri, A. Am. Heart J. (1994) [Pubmed]
 
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