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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cytochrome P450 2C9 is responsible for hydroxylation of the naphthoquinone antimalarial drug 58C80 in human liver.

2-(4-t-Butylcyclohexyl)-3-hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone (58C80) is an experimental naphthoquinone antimalarial drug which undergoes extensive alky hydroxylation in man. By means of purification, N-terminal amino acid sequencing and inhibition by antibodies and sulfaphenazole, we have identified the form of cytochrome P450 primarily responsible for 58C80 hydroxylation in human liver, P450hB20-27, to be a member of the P450 2C9 subfamily. P450hB20-27 is a low-spin haemoprotein with molecular mass 54 kDa. 58C80 hydroxylation in human liver microsomes was dependent on either NADPH or NADH, with the activity supported by NADH being 35% of that supported by NADPH. With purified P450hB20-27 cytochrome b5 stimulated the NADH-dependent activity 8-fold but inhibited the NADPH-dependent activity by 30%. 58C80 is a novel substrate structure for human P450 2C and these results significantly broaden the range of drugs which have been directly shown (i.e. using a purified enzyme as opposed to expressed cDNA) to be metabolized by human P450 2C forms that are incontrovertibly expressed in human liver in vivo.[1]


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