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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification and characterization of cytosolic sulfotransferase activities in MCF-7 human breast carcinoma cells.

MCF-7 human mammary carcinoma cells have been reported to possess beta-estradiol and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfotransferase activities. These steroid sulfotransferase activities may be important in the metabolism and activity of different steroids in these cells. This report describes and characterizes both the enzymatic activity of three cytosolic sulfotransferases found in MCF-7 cells and the corresponding immunoblot analysis of these enzymes with specific anti-sulfotransferase antibodies. Two cytosolic sulfotransferases have been purified and characterized from human tissues which are capable of sulfating estrogens. These are the phenol-sulfating form of phenol sulfotransferase ( P-PST) and the hydroxysteroid sulfotransferase, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfotransferase (DHEA-ST). The results of this study show that P-PST is the major cytosolic sulfotransferase found in MCF-7 cytosol and is responsible for most of the beta-estradiol sulfation in these cells. Although DHEA-ST activity was found in MCF-7 cytosol, this activity was only about 3% of the P-PST activity. Immunoblot analysis of MCF-7 cytosol detected both P-PST and lower levels of the monoamine-sulfating form of PST; however DHEA-ST could not be detected apparently because of low levels of expression. Human liver P-PST was expressed in Cos-7 Green monkey kidney fibroblasts and the ability of the cloned enzyme to sulfate beta-estradiol was investigated. This study indicates that P-PST is the prevalent cytosolic sulfotransferase in MCF-7 cytosol and is responsible for the majority of beta-estradiol sulfation in these cells.[1]


  1. Identification and characterization of cytosolic sulfotransferase activities in MCF-7 human breast carcinoma cells. Falany, J.L., Lawing, L., Falany, C.N. J. Steroid Biochem. Mol. Biol. (1993) [Pubmed]
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