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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Differential expression of A- and B-subtypes of cholecystokinin/gastrin receptors in the developing calf pancreas.

Cholecystokinin (CCK)/gastrin receptors were characterized in calf pancreatic plasma membranes from newborns, 28- and 119-day-old milk-fed preruminants, and 119-day-old weaned ruminants. Scatchard analysis of [125I]Bolton-Hunter reagent-[Thr28,Nle31]CCK-(25-33) binding indicated two classes of binding sites: high affinity sites exhibited significant higher affinity and binding capacity (P < 0.05) in 119-day-old ruminants than in 119-day-old preruminants (Kd = 0.13 +/- 0.02 vs. 0.35 +/- 0.08 nM; binding capacity (Bmax) = 53 +/- 12 vs. 18 +/- 5 fmol/mg protein). Pharmacological analysis using selective agonists and antagonists indicated the expression of the CCK-A receptor at birth, whereas the CCK-B receptor predominated at postnatal stages. At all stages, the binding was inhibited by guanosine 5'-[gamma-thio]triphosphate. Binding site identification by photoaffinity labeling showed that at birth, the labeling occurred mainly on a 78- to 96-kilodalton (kDa) component. In milk-fed animals, aged 28 and 119 days, two membrane-binding components were labeled at 78-96 and 43-52 kDa. In 119-day-old ruminants, labeling occurred mainly on a 40- to 47-kDa protein. Deglycosylation by endo-beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase-F of the 40- to 47- and 43- to 52-kDa components resulted in the formation of a 37-kDa membrane protein. Consequently, this study demonstrated 1) the differential expression of CCK-A and -B receptors in developing calf pancreas, 2) the predominance of CCK-B receptors in normal pancreas, and 3) the maturation of CCK-B receptors during the weaning period, which includes the glycosylation level. These results suggest that CCK may play a predominant role during the early postnatal development, while gastrin and CCK-B receptors can function progressively to regulate proliferation and exocrine secretion in the calf pancreas, especially from the weaning period.[1]

References

  1. Differential expression of A- and B-subtypes of cholecystokinin/gastrin receptors in the developing calf pancreas. Le Meuth, V., Philouze-Rome, V., Le Huerou-Luron, I., Formal, M., Vaysse, N., Gespach, C., Guilloteau, P., Fourmy, D. Endocrinology (1993) [Pubmed]
 
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