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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Isolation of a constitutively expressed enzyme for hydrolysis of carbaryl in Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

A hydrolase constitutively expressed in Pseudomonas aeruginosa which converts carbaryl to 1-naphthol was purified 1,767-fold by using a combination of anion-exchange, hydroxylapatite, gel filtration, and hydrophobic interaction chromatography techniques. The presence of Triton X-100 in buffers was necessary for deaggregation and purification of the hydrolase. This is the first membrane-bound hydrolase involved in the hydrolysis of any methylcarbamate pesticide purified from a bacterial source to date. The enzyme exhibited a unique specificity of hydrolyzing only carbaryl (1-naphthyl N-methylcarbamate) but not any other methylcarbamates. The purified enzyme was a monomer with a molecular mass of 65,000 Da. The pH and temperature optima for the enzyme activity were 8.5 and 45 degrees C, respectively. No cofactor requirement for the hydrolase activity could be demonstrated, and none of the divalent cations studied affected the activity of the enzyme. Also, the enzyme activity was not affected by the thiols: dithioerythritol, dithiothreitol, and 2-mercaptoethanol. The Km and Vmax values for carbaryl were 9 microM and 7.9 mumol/min/mg of protein, respectively.[1]


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