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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A colorimetric assay for penicillin-V amidase.

The hydrolysis of penicillin-V to phenoxyacetic acid and 6-aminopenicillanic acid by the fungal enzyme penicillin-V amidase is of industrial importance since the 6-aminopenicillanic acid produced is an intermediate for semisynthetic penicillins. A rapid colorimetric assay of penicillin-V amidase was developed which uses 2-nitro-5-(phenoxyacetamido)-benzoic acid as a substrate. The released chromophore, 2-amino-5-nitrobenzoic acid, was detected at 405 nm. Using penicillin-V amidase from the fungus Fusarium oxysporum, the KM and Vmax for this substrate were 0.89 mM and 2.6 mumol/min/mg enzyme, respectively. Hydrolysis could be competitively inhibited by penicillin-V with a Ki of 4 mM. The change in the initial velocity of hydrolysis of 2-nitro-5-(phenoxyacetamido)-benzoic acid at 500 microM was linear over the range of 0.5 to 10 micrograms/ml enzyme. These results show that this new compound is useful in determining the presence and levels of penicillin-V amidase.[1]


  1. A colorimetric assay for penicillin-V amidase. Kerr, D.E. Anal. Biochem. (1993) [Pubmed]
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