The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Mechanisms of action on Escherichia coli of cecropin P1 and PR-39, two antibacterial peptides from pig intestine.

Cecropin P1 and PR-39 are two antibacterial peptides isolated from the upper part of the small intestine of the pig. They have been sequenced, and their antibacterial spectra have been investigated (J.-Y. Lee, A. Boman, C. Sun, M. Andersson, H. Jörnvall, V. Mutt, and H. G. Boman, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 86:9159-9162, 1989; B. Agerberth, J.-Y. Lee, T. Bergman, M. Carlquist, H. G. Boman, V. Mutt, and H. Jörnvall, Eur. J. Biochem. 202:849-854, 1991). We have now compared these two peptides for their mechanism of action on Escherichia coli K-12 by using three strains with different markers. Our results show that cecropin P1, like other cecropins, kills bacteria by lysis and that this reaction requires more peptide to kill more cells. PR-39 requires a lag period of about 8 min to penetrate the outer membrane of wild-type E. coli; then killing is quite fast. This lag period was absent in the envA1 mutant; in this strain the outer membrane was freely permeable to both peptides. PR-39 killed growing bacteria faster than nongrowing cells; for cecropin P1 there was no such difference. It is suggested from isotope incorporation experiments that PR-39 kills bacteria by a mechanism that stops protein and DNA synthesis and results in degradation of these components.[1]

References

 
WikiGenes - Universities