The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Structures of five sulfated hexasaccharides prepared from porcine intestinal heparin using bacterial heparinase. Structural variants with apparent biosynthetic precursor-product relationships for the antithrombin III-binding site.

Porcine intestinal heparin was extensively digested with Flavobacterium heparinase and size-fractionated by gel chromatography. Subfractionation of the hexasaccharide fraction by anion exchange high pressure liquid chromatography yielded 10 fractions. Six contained oligosaccharides derived from the repeating disaccharide region, whereas four contained glycoserines from the glycosaminoglycan-protein linkage region. The latter structures were reported recently (Sugahara, K., Tsuda, H., Yoshida, K., Yamada, S., de Beer, T., and Vliegenthart, J.F.G. (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270, 22914-22923). In this study, the structures of one tetra- and five hexasaccharides from the repeat region were determined by chemical and enzymatic analyses as well as 500-MHz 1H NMR spectroscopy. The tetrasaccharide has the hexasulfated structure typical of heparin. The five hexa- or heptasulfated hexasaccharides share the common core pentasulfated structure delta HexA(2S) alpha 1-4GlcN-(NS, 6S) alpha 1-4IdoA alpha/GlcA beta 1-4GlcN(6S) alpha 1-4GlcA beta 1-4GlcN (NS) with one or two additional sulfate groups (delta HexA, GlcN, IdoA, and GlcA represent 4-deoxy-alpha-L-threo-hex-4-enepyranosyluronic acid, D-glucosamine, L-iduronic acid, and D-glucuronic acid, whereas 2S, 6S and NS stand for 2-O-, 6-O-, and 2-N-sulfate, respectively). Three components have the following hitherto unreported structures: delta HexA(2S) alpha 1-4GlcN(NS, 6S) alpha 1-4GlcA beta 1-4GlcN(NS, 6S) alpha 1-4GlcA beta 1-4GlcN(NS,6S), delta HexA(2S) alpha 1-4GlcN(NS, 6S) alpha 1-4IdoA alpha 1-4GlcNAc(6S)-alpha 1-4GlcA beta 1-4GlcN(NS, 3S), and delta HexA(2S) alpha 1-4GlcN-(NS,6S) alpha 1-4IdoA (2S) alpha 1-4GlcNAc(6S) alpha 1-4GlcA beta 1-4GlcN(NS, 6S). Two of the five hexasaccharides are structural variants derived from the antithrombin III-binding sites containing 3-O-sulfated GlcN at the reducing termini with or without a 6-O-sulfate group on the reducing N,3-disulfated GlcN residue. Another contains the structure identical to that of the above heptasulfated antithrombin III-binding site fragment but lacks the 3-O-sulfate group and therefore is a pro-form for the binding site. Another has an extra sulfate group on the internal IdoA residue of this pro-form and therefore can be considered to have diverged from the binding site in the biosynthetic pathway. Thus, the isolated hexasacharides in this study include the three overlapping pairs of structural variants with an apparent biosynthetic precursor-product relationship, which may reflect biosynthetic regulatory mechanisms of the binding site.[1]

References

 
WikiGenes - Universities