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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Differences in the spectrum of spontaneous mutations in the hprt gene between tumor cells of the microsatellite mutator phenotype.

We have determined the frequency and spectrum of spontaneous mutations at the hprt locus in LoVo, HCT116, LS180 and DLD-1 colon carcinoma cell lines exhibiting microsatellite genetic instability. Each cell line has a different mutator gene. LoVo and HCT116 cells have mutated hMSH2 and hMLH1 genes, respectively, which account for the majority of hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC). LS180 cells are wild type for these genes and also for hPMS1 and hPMS2 mismatch repair genes. DLD-1 cells harbor a mutated GTBP mismatch binding factor and a mutated DNA Polymerase delta. The mutation rate at the hprt locus was several hundred fold higher in these cell lines relative to control cell lines without microsatellite instability. The mutations were frameshifts (deletions and insertions of a single nucleotide in short repeats) and single base substitutions (transversions and transitions). Some mutations were shared by these four cell lines. However, every cell line also exhibited a distinctive spectrum of mutations suggesting that each mutator gene induces a particular mutator phenotype. These results also suggest that the frequency and spectrum of somatic mutations in tumor cells of the microsatellite mutator phenotype may have diagnostic applications to discriminate among the diverse underlying mutator genes.[1]


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