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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Protective effect of the 5-lipoxygenase inhibitor AA-861 on cerebral edema after transient ischemia.

This study examined the effect of AA-861, a specific 5-lipoxygenase inhibitor, on brain levels of leukotriene C4 (LTC4) and correlated any changes with changes in edema formation and cerebral blood flow (CBF) after transient ischemia in gerbils. Brain levels of LTC4 were observed to be increased at 1, 2, and 6 hours of reperfusion following 20 minutes of occlusion. At 2 hours of reperfusion, a pretreatment dose of 1000 mg/kg of AA-861 was required to inhibit more than 90% of the reperfusion-induced increases in brain LTC4. At this dose, inhibition of LTC4 production was observed at 2 and 6 hours of reperfusion. The specific gravity of both the cortex and subcortex was decreased at 6 hours of reperfusion after 20 minutes of occlusion. At 2 hours of reperfusion, no significant difference was observed in the specific gravity of the cortex and subcortex regions of gerbils pretreated with AA-861 or with vehicle, but at 6 hours of reperfusion significant positive differences were observed. Cerebral blood flow decreased to approximately 10% of preocclusion values during occlusion and returned to near-preocclusion values after 10 minutes of reperfusion. No significant differences were observed in regional CBF in the AA-861- and vehicle-pretreated gerbils during reperfusion. These findings indicate that LTC4 production after transient cerebral ischemia may be an important contributor to the development of cerebral edema and that CBF does not mediate the LTC4-involved development of edema.[1]

References

  1. Protective effect of the 5-lipoxygenase inhibitor AA-861 on cerebral edema after transient ischemia. Baskaya, M.K., Hu, Y., Donaldson, D., Maley, M., Rao, A.M., Prasad, M.R., Dempsey, R.J. J. Neurosurg. (1996) [Pubmed]
 
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