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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Multiple tyrosine residues in the cytosolic domain of the erythropoietin receptor promote activation of STAT5.

Signaling through the erythropoietin receptor (EPO-R) is crucial for proliferation, differentiation, and survival of erythroid progenitor cells. EPO induces homodimerization of the EPO-R, triggering activation of the receptor-associated kinase JAK2 and activation of STAT5. By mutating the eight tyrosine residues in the cytosolic domain of the EPO-R, we show that either Y343 or Y401 is sufficient to mediate maximal activation of STAT5; tyrosine residues Y429 and Y431 can partially activate STAT5. Comparison of the sequences surrounding these tyrosines reveals YXXL as the probable motif specifying recruitment of STAT5 to the EPO-R. Expression of a mutant EPO-R lacking all eight tyrosine residues in the cytosolic domain supported a low but detectable level of EPO- induced STAT5 activation, indicating the existence of an alternative pathway for STAT5 activation independent of any tyrosine in the EPO-R. The kinetics of STAT5 activation and inactivation were the same, regardless of which tyrosine residue in the EPO-R mediated its activation or whether the alternative pathway was used. The ability of mutant EPO-Rs to activate STAT5 did not directly correlate with their mitogenic potential.[1]

References

  1. Multiple tyrosine residues in the cytosolic domain of the erythropoietin receptor promote activation of STAT5. Klingmüller, U., Bergelson, S., Hsiao, J.G., Lodish, H.F. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1996) [Pubmed]
 
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