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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Mutation hotspots in the PHKA2 gene in X-linked liver glycogenosis due to phosphorylase kinase deficiency with atypical activity in blood cells (XLG2).

In five cases of X-linked liver glycogenosis subtype 2 (XLG2), we have identified mutations in the gene encoding the liver isoform of the phosphorylase kinase alpha subunit (PHKA2). XLG2 is a rare variant of X-linked phosphorylase kinase (Phk) deficiency of the liver. Whereas in the more common form of X-linked hepatic Phk deficiency, XLG1, the enzyme's activity is decreased both in liver and in blood cells, Phk activity in XLG2 is low in liver but normal or even enhanced in blood cells. Although missense, nonsense and splicesite mutations in the PHKA2 gene were recently identified in several cases of XLG1, no mutations have yet been described for XLG2 and a molecular explanation for the peculiar biochemical phenotype of XLG2 has been lacking. All mutations found in the present study result in non-conservative amino acid replacements of residues that are absolutely conserved between the alpha L, alpha M and beta subunits of Phk [H132P, H132Y, R186H (twice) and D299G]. Strikingly, in two pairs of cases the mutations affect the same codon. These results demonstrate that: (i) XLG2 is caused by mutations in PHKA2 and is therefore allelic with XLG1; and (ii) XLG2 mutations appear to cluster in limited sequence regions or even individual codons.[1]

References

  1. Mutation hotspots in the PHKA2 gene in X-linked liver glycogenosis due to phosphorylase kinase deficiency with atypical activity in blood cells (XLG2). Burwinkel, B., Shin, Y.S., Bakker, H.D., Deutsch, J., Lozano, M.J., Maire, I., Kilimann, M.W. Hum. Mol. Genet. (1996) [Pubmed]
 
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