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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Redistribution of membrane glycoproteins in platelets activated under flow conditions.

A reduction in the ability of GPIb to bind specific MoAbs or ligands (vWF) has been reported in platelets exposed to thrombin in suspension. We have analyzed modifications in the presence of glycoproteins (GPs) on platelets activated under flow conditions in a system which allows limited thrombin and fibrin generation. Normal blood anticoagulated with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH, Dalteparin 20 IU/ml) was recirculated for up to 10 min at 800 s-1 through annular chambers containing denuded arterial segments. Aliquots of blood were removed from the reservoir at 0, 1, 5 and 10 min and immediately mixed with paraformaldehyde. Membrane glycoproteins: GPIb (CD42b), GPIIb-IIIa (CD41a), GPIV (CD36); and activation dependent antigens: P-selectin (CD62P) and lysosomal glycoprortein (CD63), were detected in whole blood by dual color flow cytometry. Circulation of through the perfusion system resulted in platelet activated as demonstrated by the increased percentage of platelets positive for antigens CD62P and CD63. A gradual increase in the binding of MoAbs directed against GPIb, GPIIb-IIIa, and GPIV epitopes was noted during the entire perfusion period. Observed differences in mean fluorescence intensities at all the observation times were statistically significant (P < 0.001). Our results obtained on platelets in an experimental thrombosis system indicate that GPIb, GPIIb-IIIa and GPIV remain on the surface of activated platelets and actually increase their expression. Alterations detected at the level of GPIb in platelets activated by thrombin in suspension may not take place under in vivo situations.[1]


  1. Redistribution of membrane glycoproteins in platelets activated under flow conditions. Lozano, M., Escolar, G., White, J.G., Tàssies, D., Ordinas, A., Díaz-Ricart, M. Blood Coagul. Fibrinolysis (1996) [Pubmed]
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