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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Purification and characterization of a novel type of protocatechuate 3,4-dioxygenase with the ability to oxidize 4-sulfocatechol.

4-Aminobenzenesulfonate is degraded via 4-sulfocatechol by a mixed bacterial culture that consists of Hydrogenophaga palleronii strain S1 and Agrobacterium radiobacter strain S2. From the 4-sulfocatechol-degrading organism A. radiobacter strain S2, a dioxygenase that converted 4-sulfocatechol to 3-sulfomuconate was purified to homogeneity. The purified enzyme also converted protocatechuate with a similar catalytic activity to 3-carboxy-cis, cis-muconate. Furthermore, the purified enzyme oxidized 3, 4-dihydroxyphenylacetate, 3,4-dihydroxycinnamate, catechol, and 3- and 4-methylcatechol. The enzyme had a mol. wt. of about 97,400 as determined by gel filtration and consisted of two different types of subunits with mol. wt. of about 23,000 and 28,500. The NH2-terminal amino acid sequences of the two subunits were determined. An isofunctional dioxygenase was partially purified from H. palleronii strain S1. A. radiobacter strain S2 also induced, after growth with 4-sulfocatechol, an rising dbl quote, "ordinary" protocatechuate 3,4-dioxygenase that did not oxidize 4-sulfocatechol. This enzyme was also purified to homogeneity, and its catalytic and structural characteristics were compared to the "4-sulfocatechol-dioxygenase" from the same strain.[1]


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