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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

DNA strand annealing is promoted by the yeast Rad52 protein.

The Saccharomyces cerevisiae RAD52 gene plays a pivotal role in genetic recombination. Here we demonstrate that yeast Rad52 is a DNA binding protein. To show that the interaction between Rad52 and DNA is direct and not mediated by other yeast proteins and to facilitate protein purification, a recombinant expression system was developed. The recombinant protein can bind both single- and double-stranded DNA and the addition of either Mg2+ or ATP does not enhance the binding of single-stranded DNA. Furthermore, a DNA binding domain was found in the evolutionary conserved N terminus of the protein. More importantly, we show that the protein stimulates DNA annealing even in the presence of a large excess of nonhomologous DNA. Rad52-promoted annealing follows second-order kinetics and the rate is 3500-fold faster than that of the spontaneous reaction. How this annealing activity relates to the genetic phenotype associated with rad52 mutant cells is discussed.[1]


  1. DNA strand annealing is promoted by the yeast Rad52 protein. Mortensen, U.H., Bendixen, C., Sunjevaric, I., Rothstein, R. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1996) [Pubmed]
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