The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Developmental exposure of male germ cells to 5-azacytidine results in abnormal preimplantation development in rats.

Methylation of cytosine residues in mammalian DNA is established during gametogenesis and embryogenesis; it plays an important role in gene regulation and normal embryonic development and has also been implicated in genomic imprinting. In the present study, we evaluated whether paternal administration of 5-azacytidine, a drug that is incorporated into DNA and blocks DNA methylation, could alter male germ cell development and function. A drug that does not block methylation, 6-azacytidine, served as a control. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 4-8 per group) were treated i.p., three times per week for 4 and 11 wk, with saline or 2.5 (low dosage) or 5.0 (high dosage) mg/kg of 5-azacytidine and 6-azacytidine. After each of the treatment periods, males were mated to determine effects on fertility and embryo development. Although neither 6-azacytidine nor 4 wk of 5-azacytidine treatment affected male reproductive organ weights or sperm counts, 11 wk of 5-azacytidine resulted in dose-dependent reductions in testis and epididymal weights and sperm counts. Both dosages of 5-azacytidine resulted in significant increases in preimplantation loss, and the high dosage of 5-azacytidine caused a decrease in fertility. Examination of embryos on Day 2 of gestation revealed a striking dose-dependent increase in the average number of abnormal embryos per litter sired by the males treated with 5-azacytidine (saline, 0.33 +/- 0.24; low dosage, 2.64 +/- 0.92; high dosage, 10.09 +/- 0.95). In summary, paternal administration of 5-azacytidine interfered with normal male germ cell development and resulted in alterations in fertilization and early embryo development. We suggest that 5-azacytidine-induced alterations in germ cell DNA methylation patterns may be one of the underlying mechanisms, since similar dosages of the analogue 6-azacytidine had no effect on male reproduction and progeny outcome.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities