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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Expression of the functional leptin receptor mRNA in pancreatic islets and direct inhibitory action of leptin on insulin secretion.

Leptin, encoded for by the mouse ob gene, regulates feeding behavior and energy metabolism. Its receptor (Ob-R) is encoded by the mouse diabetic (db) gene and is mutated in the db/db mouse so that it lacks the cytoplasmic domain. We show that the full-length leptin receptor (Ob-Rb), which is believed to transmit the leptin signal, is expressed in pancreatic islets of ob/ob and wild-type mice, as well as in hypothalamus, liver, kidney, spleen, and heart. Recombinant leptin inhibited basal insulin release in the perfused pancreas preparation from ob/ob mice but not in that from Zucker fa/fa rats. Leptin (1-100 nmol/l) also produced a dose-dependent inhibition of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion by isolated islets from ob/ob mice. In contrast, leptin at maximum effective concentration (100 nmol/l) did not inhibit glucose-stimulated insulin secretion by islets from db/db mice. These results provide evidence that a functional leptin receptor is present in pancreatic islets and suggest that leptin overproduction, particularly from abdominal adipose tissue, may modify directly both basal and glucose-stimulated insulin secretion.[1]

References

  1. Expression of the functional leptin receptor mRNA in pancreatic islets and direct inhibitory action of leptin on insulin secretion. Emilsson, V., Liu, Y.L., Cawthorne, M.A., Morton, N.M., Davenport, M. Diabetes (1997) [Pubmed]
 
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