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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Immunosuppressive activity of cloned natural killer (NK1.1+) T cells established from murine tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes.

To elucidate the role of NK1.1+ T cells in the antitumor immune response, we established cloned NK1.1+ T cell lines from tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) of B16 melanoma, and examined their mode of action in generating antitumor effector T cells both in vitro and in vivo. An NK1.1+ T cell clone (TM4.2) was phenotypically CD3+ TCR-alphabeta+ CD4- CD8- NK1.1+, and CD28+. The TM4.2 cells suppressed the in vitro generation of anti-B16 melanoma CTLs, but not the effector function of CTLs. The results using a transwell membrane suggested that their suppressive activity was mediated by both soluble factors and a direct cell to cell interaction. As for the soluble factors, the suppressive activity of the culture supernatant of TM4.2 cells was neutralized by anti-TGF-beta mAb, and the TM4.2 cells actually produced a considerable amount of TGF-beta. On the other hand, the TM4.2 cells showed a high level of cytolytic activity against B cell blasts and CD80-transfected P815, and such cytolytic activity was reduced by the addition of anti-CD80 mAb. In addition, NK1.1+ T cells in the freshly isolated TIL were revealed to express CD28. Furthermore, the TM4.2 cells suppressed the in vitro generation of anti-allo CTLs irrespective of the MHC haplotype. Finally, the TM4.2 cells suppressed the in vivo antitumor immune response. Collectively, these findings demonstrate that NK1.1+ T cells in TIL show immunosuppressive activity in the antitumor immune response through the production of TGF-beta and the preferential cytolysis of B7-expressing cells.[1]

References

  1. Immunosuppressive activity of cloned natural killer (NK1.1+) T cells established from murine tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes. Tamada, K., Harada, M., Abe, K., Li, T., Tada, H., Onoe, Y., Nomoto, K. J. Immunol. (1997) [Pubmed]
 
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