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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

A novel transcript encoding an N-terminally truncated AML1/PEBP2 alphaB protein interferes with transactivation and blocks granulocytic differentiation of 32Dcl3 myeloid cells.

The gene AML1/PEBP2 alphaB encodes the alpha subunit of transcription factor PEBP2/ CBF and is essential for the establishment of fetal liver hematopoiesis. Rearrangements of AML1 are frequently associated with several types of human leukemia. Three types of AML1 cDNA isoforms have been described to date; they have been designated AML1a, AML1b, and AML1c. All of these isoforms encode the conserved-Runt domain, which harbors the DNA binding and heterodimerization activities. We have identified a new isoform of the AML1 transcript, termed AML1 deltaN, in which exon 1 is directly connected to exon 4 by alternative splicing. The AML1 deltaN transcript was detected in various hematopoietic cell lines of lymphoid to myeloid cell origin, as revealed by RNase protection and reverse transcriptase PCR analyses. The protein product of AML1 deltaN lacks the N-terminal region of AML1, including half of the Runt domain, and neither binds to DNA nor heterodimerizes with the beta subunit. However, AML1 deltaN was found to interfere with the transactivation activity of PEBP2, and the molecular region responsible for this activity was identified. Stable expression of AML1 deltaN in 32Dcl3 myeloid cells blocked granulocytic differentiation in response to granulocyte colony-stimulating factor. These results suggest that AML1 deltaN acts as a modulator of AML1 function and serves as a useful tool to dissect the functional domains in the C-terminal region of AML1.[1]

References

  1. A novel transcript encoding an N-terminally truncated AML1/PEBP2 alphaB protein interferes with transactivation and blocks granulocytic differentiation of 32Dcl3 myeloid cells. Zhang, Y.W., Bae, S.C., Huang, G., Fu, Y.X., Lu, J., Ahn, M.Y., Kanno, Y., Kanno, T., Ito, Y. Mol. Cell. Biol. (1997) [Pubmed]
 
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