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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Hepatic microsomal metabolism of montelukast, a potent leukotriene D4 receptor antagonist, in humans.

Montelukast (L-706,631, MK-0476, SINGULAIR), a potent and selective leukotriene D4 (CysLT1) receptor antagonist, is currently under development for the treatment of asthma. In vitro studies were conducted using human liver microsomes to evaluate: 1) the difference in the metabolic kinetics of montelukast between adult and pediatric subjects; 2) the relative contribution of flavin-containing monooxygenase and cytochrome P450 (P450) to the sulfoxidation; and 3) the P450 isoforms responsible for montelukast oxidation. No statistically significant difference was observed in the in vitro kinetics for acyl glucuronidation and oxidative metabolism between the two age groups. Results from studies on heat inactivation of flavin-containing monooxygenase and immunochemical inhibition by an anti-rat NADPH P450 reductase antibody on montelukast oxidation indicated that all oxidative metabolism of montelukast-including diastereomeric sulfoxidations, as well as 21- and methyl-hydroxylations-are catalyzed exclusively by P450. Five in vitro approaches have been used to identify the P450 isoforms responsible for the human liver microsomal oxidation of montelukast. The experimental results consistently indicated that CYP3A4 catalyzes sulfoxidation and 21-hydroxylation, whereas CYP2C9 selectively mediates methyl-hydroxylation.[1]


  1. Hepatic microsomal metabolism of montelukast, a potent leukotriene D4 receptor antagonist, in humans. Chiba, M., Xu, X., Nishime, J.A., Balani, S.K., Lin, J.H. Drug Metab. Dispos. (1997) [Pubmed]
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