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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

No mutations in cystatin C gene in cerebral amyloid angiopathy with cystatin C deposition.

To investigate the relationship between cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) and cystatin C, we studied five CAA patients on whose cerebral blood vessels colocalization of cystatin C and beta-protein was recognized immunohistochemically. One patient was suspected as familial CAA and the other patients were sporadic cases. Two patients had low concentration of cystatin C in their cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) as we have previously reported in CAA patients. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) revealed that cystatin C and beta-protein have been included at the ratio of about 1:100 in the crude amyloid fibrils of one patient. Using a monoclonal antibody (MAb) against cystatin C, we performed affinity chromatography and immunoblotting on her amyloid fibril fraction. Eluate showed a band with a mol wt of 14,000 and the N-terminal 14 amino acid residues of 14-kDa protein were identical with that of cystatin C. This molecular weight is not identical to that of the truncated form of cystatin C deposited in hereditary cerebral hemorrhage with amyloidosis in Iceland (HCHWA-I), but that of normal cystatin C. DNA sequence analysis of five patients showed no point mutations in the cystatin C gene. Cystatin C and beta-protein colocalization, which was recognized in amyloid lesions of CAA, suggests that cystatin C deposition may be related to beta-protein deposition. We hypothesize that cystatin C deposition in sporadic cerebral amyloid angiopathy with cystatin C deposition (SCCAA) involves a different mechanism from that in HCHWA-I, which may be related to low CSF concentration of cystatin C without amino acid substitutions.[1]


  1. No mutations in cystatin C gene in cerebral amyloid angiopathy with cystatin C deposition. Nagai, A., Kobayashi, S., Shimode, K., Imaoka, K., Umegae, N., Fujihara, S., Nakamura, M. Mol. Chem. Neuropathol. (1998) [Pubmed]
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