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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Human melanoma patients recognize an HLA-A1-restricted CTL epitope from tyrosinase containing two cysteine residues: implications for tumor vaccine development.

To identify shared epitopes for melanoma-reactive CTL restricted by MHC molecules other than HLA-A*0201, six human melanoma patient CTL lines expressing HLA-A1 were screened for reactivity against the melanocyte differentiation proteins Pmel-17/gp100, MART-1/Melan-A, and tyrosinase, expressed via recombinant vaccinia virus vectors. CTL from five of the six patients recognized epitopes from tyrosinase, and recognition of HLA-A1+ target cells was strongly correlated with tyrosinase expression. Restriction by HLA-A1 was further demonstrated for two of those tyrosinase-reactive CTL lines. Screening of 119 synthetic tyrosinase peptides with the HLA-A1 binding motif demonstrated that nonamer, decamer, and dodecamer peptides containing the sequence KCDICTDEY (residues 243-251) all reconstituted the CTL epitope in vitro. Epitope reconstitution in vitro required high concentrations of these peptides, which was hypothesized to be a result of spontaneous modification of cysteine residues, interfering with MHC binding. Substitution of serine or alanine for the more N-terminal cysteine prevented modification at that residue and permitted target cell sensitization at peptide concentrations 2 to 3 orders of magnitude lower than that required for the wild-type peptide. Because spontaneous modification of sulfhydryl groups may also occur in vivo, tumor vaccines using this or other cysteine-containing peptides may be improved by amino acid substitutions at cysteine residues.[1]

References

  1. Human melanoma patients recognize an HLA-A1-restricted CTL epitope from tyrosinase containing two cysteine residues: implications for tumor vaccine development. Kittlesen, D.J., Thompson, L.W., Gulden, P.H., Skipper, J.C., Colella, T.A., Shabanowitz, J., Hunt, D.F., Engelhard, V.H., Slingluff, C.L., Shabanowitz, J.A. J. Immunol. (1998) [Pubmed]
 
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