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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

M1, M3 and M5 muscarinic receptors stimulate mitogen-activated protein kinase.

We report here that the M1, M3 and M5 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor subtypes that have been shown to couple to phosphoinositide hydrolysis also activate the mitogen-activated protein kinase ( MAPK). Pharmacological characterization as well as mechanistic details of the activation pathway are presented. Carbachol-induced MAPK activation was time- and concentration-dependent at all subtypes. Pharmacological characterization of the MAPK response revealed that McN-A-343 was a partial agonist at the M1 and M3 subtypes, and that pilocarpine was a partial agonist at the M3 and M5 receptors. Carbachol-mediated MAPK activation at these receptor subtypes was pertussis toxin and wortmannin insensitive. By contrast, both agents significantly inhibited carbachol-induced MAPK activation by the M2 muscarinic receptor subtype. Furthermore, two independent single point mutations in the M1 receptor attenuated carbachol- induced activation of MAPK. Activation of MAPK at the M1, M3 and M5 muscarinic receptor subtypes was not dependent on intracellular or extracellular Ca2+, but was partially dependent upon protein kinase C. These data suggest that activation of MAPK by M1, M3 and M5 muscarinic receptors involves protein kinase C-dependent and independent pathways.[1]


  1. M1, M3 and M5 muscarinic receptors stimulate mitogen-activated protein kinase. Wotta, D.R., Wattenberg, E.V., Langason, R.B., el-Fakahany, E.E. Pharmacology (1998) [Pubmed]
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