The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Modulation of [3H]acetylcholine release from cultured amacrine-like neurons by adenosine A1 receptors.

We have investigated the effect of endogenous adenosine on the release of [3H]acetylcholine ([3H]ACh) in cultured chick amacrine-like neurons. The release of [3H]ACh evoked by 50 mM KCl was mostly Ca2+ dependent, and it was increased in the presence of adenosine deaminase and in the presence of 1,3-dipropyl-8-cyclopentylxanthine (DPCPX), an adenosine A1 receptor antagonist. The effect of adenosine on [3H]ACh release was sensitive to pertussis toxin (PTX) and was due to a selective inhibition of N-type Ca2+ channels. Ligand binding studies using [3H]DPCPX confirmed the presence of adenosine A1 receptors in the preparation. Using specific inhibitors of the plasma membrane adenosine carriers and of the ectonucleotidases, we found that the extracellular accumulation of adenosine in response to KCl depolarization was due to the release of endogenous adenosine per se and to the extracellular conversion of released nucleotides into adenosine. Activation of adenosine A1 receptors was without effect on the intracellular levels of cyclic AMP under depolarizing conditions, but it inhibited the accumulation of inositol phosphates. Our results indicate that in cultured amacrine-like neurons, the Ca2+-dependent release of [3H]ACh evoked by KCl is under tonic inhibition by adenosine, which activates A1 receptors. The effect of adenosine on the [3H]ACh release may be due to a direct inhibition of N-type Ca2+ channels and/or secondary to the inhibition of phospholipase C and involves the activation of PTX-sensitive G proteins.[1]


  1. Modulation of [3H]acetylcholine release from cultured amacrine-like neurons by adenosine A1 receptors. Santos, P.F., Santos, M.S., Carvalho, A.P., Duarte, C.B. J. Neurochem. (1998) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities