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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Cloning and characterization of a novel zinc finger protein that associates with nuclear matrix.

We have recently reported that the nuclei of B16 melanoma cells are intensely stained with anti-rat vitronectin ( Vn) antibody, which reacts with both mouse and rat Vn. In the present study, we characterized the protein immunoreactive with the antibody using NIH3T3 cells, whose nuclei were also stained with the antibody. Western blot analysis showed that a protein with an approximate molecular weight of 75 kDa ( p75), which was distinct from Vn, existed in the nuclear fraction, and, more specifically, in the nuclear matrix fraction, of NIH3T3 cells. Screening of an NIH3T3 cDNA library resulted in the isolation of a nearly full-length cDNA clone encoding p75. A database search revealed that the cDNA represents a novel gene. The deduced amino acid sequence showed that the protein is 580 amino acids long and contains two C2H2-type zinc finger motifs and glutamic acid-rich domains in the C-terminal region. When a fusion protein of green fluorescence protein and p75 was expressed in NIH3T3 cells, fluorescence was preferentially observed in the nuclei, demonstrating that the protein has a nuclear localization signal. The p75 protein, termed ZAN75, exhibited DNA-binding activity in a zinc-dependent manner. Southern blot analysis demonstrated that the ZAN75 gene exists in a single copy in the mouse genome and that a closely related gene is also present in chicken, rat, and human. Northern blot analysis showed that the ZAN75 gene is ubiquitously expressed in adult mouse tissues. In the cell cycle of NIH3T3 cells, expression was low in the G0/ G1 phase, increased during the G1 phase, and persisted during the S and G2/M phases, suggesting that ZAN75 plays a role in regulating cell growth.[1]

References

  1. Cloning and characterization of a novel zinc finger protein that associates with nuclear matrix. Lee, J.Y., Kambe, M., Hayashi, M., Takenaga, K. DNA Cell Biol. (1998) [Pubmed]
 
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