The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Interleukin 1beta decreases prostacyclin synthase activity in rat mesangial cells via endogenous peroxynitrite formation.

We have reported that peroxynitrite (PON) selectively inactivated prostacyclin synthase (PGIS) by a mechanism of tyrosine nitration at the active site [Zou, Martin and Ullrich (1997) Biol. Chem. Hoppe-Seyler 378, 707-713]. We have now extended our studies on rat mesangial cells (RMC) and show that nitration can occur under the influence of cytokines. Pretreatment of RMC with interleukin 1beta (IL-1beta), which up-regulated cyclo-oxygenase 2 and inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS-2), significantly attenuated the conversion of [14C]prostaglandin H2 (PGH2) into the stable prostacyclin (PGI2) metabolite 6-oxo-prostaglandin F1alpha (6-oxo-PGF1alpha). The presence of superoxide dismutase (SOD, 100 units/ml) or the NOS synthase inhibitor Nomega-monomethyl-l-arginine (100 microM) as well as cycloheximide (10 microM) plus actinomycin (10 microM) abolished IL-1beta-mediated down-regulation of 6-oxo-PGF1alpha from PGH2. At the same time, 6-oxo-PGF1alpha production from arachidonate (AA) increased at the expense of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2). Neither NO alone generated from different NO donors nor superoxide from xanthine/xanthine oxidase (1-100 m-units/ml) inhibited PGI2 synthesis, either from PGH2 or from AA. Bolus additions of chemically synthesized PON or the PON generator 3-morpholinosydnonimine N-ethylcarbamide (SIN-1) exhibited a potent inhibition of 6-oxo-PGF1alpha release from both PGH2 and AA. In addition, immunoprecipitation of nitrotyrosine-containing proteins from PON- and SIN-1-treated RMC yielded distinct nitrated PGIS bands but also from IL-1beta-pretreated cells alone, compared with a lack of nitrated PGIS in control cells. Taken together, our results strongly suggest that IL-1beta pretreatment of RMC via NOS-2 leads to the production of PON with the consequence of a partial nitration and inhibition of PGIS.[1]

References

 
WikiGenes - Universities