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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Transcription of the rat p53 gene is mediated by factor binding to two recognition motifs of NF1-like protein.

In this study we analyzed the ratp53 promoter by electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) and DNase I footprinting analysis. As a result we identified two protein binding elements (element 1: -296 to -312, element 2: -195 to -219) with sequence homology to each other. The two identified elements bind to the same kind of protein. To identify the protein binding to these elements, competition assays were carried out with double stranded oligonucleotides containing NF1, YY1, and CRE consensus motifs. Only the NF1 consensus motif competed with element 1 and 2. Element 2 is conserved between the rat, human, and mouse p53 promoters, and has an NF1 consensus motif. However, the sequences of element 1 are comparatively variable between the species. Only the element 1 region of the rat p53 promoter has partial homology to the NF1 consensus motif. This suggests that the element 1 is specific for the rat p53 gene. The molecular mass of the binding protein, determined by Southwestern blotting analysis, was 40 kDa, which is different from that of NF1. In EMSA with an anti-NF1 antibody, DNA-protein complexes were neither supershifted nor decreased. The 40 kDa protein was also detected in rat spleen and lung, but not in kidney. The binding protein was purified by sequence-specific DNA affinity chromatography and it was confirmed that the purified protein binds to the two regions. It was also proved that the identified two elements are required for basal level transcription of the rat p53 gene by in vitro transcription assay.[1]


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