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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inverse regulation of lipid-peroxidizing and hydroperoxyl lipid-reducing enzymes by interleukins 4 and 13.

12/15-lipoxygenases and phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidases are opposite enzymes balancing the intracellular concentration of hydroperoxy lipids. We studied the regulation of both enzymes by interleukins 4 and 13 and found an inverse response. When human lung carcinoma cells A549 were cultured in vitro in the presence of these cytokines, an up-regulation of the 12/15-lipoxygenase and a down-regulation of the phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase were observed. A similar inverse regulation was found in human peripheral monocytes. Interleukin 4-treated A549 cells exhibited an impaired capability of reducing exogenous hydroperoxyl lipids and their levels of endogenous lipid hydroperoxides were markedly increased. To find out whether these regulatory processes also occur in vivo, arachidonic acid oxygenase and phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase activity was assayed in various tissues of transgenic mice that systemically overexpress interleukin 4. In lung, spleen, kidney, and heart, an increased arachidonic acid oxygenase activity was detected when transgenic mice were compared with inbred controls. The phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase activity was impaired in lung, liver, and spleen of the transgenic animals. These data indicate that lipid-peroxidizing and lipid peroxide-reducing enzymes are inversely regulated in various mammalian cells. Up-regulation of the 12/15-lipoxygenase and simultaneous down-regulation of the phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase may lead to an increased oxidizing potential, which is reflected by an augmented intracellular peroxide tone.[1]


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