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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Adhesion-dependent degranulation of neutrophils requires the Src family kinases Fgr and Hck.

Polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) adherent to integrin ligands respond to inflammatory mediators by reorganizing their cytoskeleton and releasing reactive oxygen intermediates. As Src family tyrosine kinases are implicated in these responses, we investigated their possible role in regulating degranulation. Human PMN incubated on fibrinogen released lactoferrin in response to TNF-alpha and this response was inhibited by PP1, a Src family tyrosine kinase inhibitor. This drug had no effect on lactoferrin secretion induced by PMA, an adhesion-independent agonist of PMN degranulation. However, PP1 blocked secretion in PMN plated on plain tissue culture plastic, a surface inducing PMN spreading in the absence of any stimulus. Double knockout hck-/- fgr-/- PMN adherent to collagen or fibrinogen failed to release lactoferrin in response to TNF-alpha but responded to PMA as wild-type PMN. Degranulation induced by spreading over tissue culture plastic was also defective in hck-/- fgr-/- PMN. Defective adhesion-dependent degranulation required the absence of both kinases, because single knockout fgr-/- or hck-/- PMN responded as wild-type cells. Analysis of lactoferrin secretion in hck-/- fgr-/- or PP1-treated, suspended PMN showed that Src kinases are not implicated in degranulation dependent on activation of protein kinase C or increase in intracellular free Ca2+ but may play a role in the response to FMLP of cytochalasin B-treated PMN. These findings identify a role for Src family kinases in a signaling pathway leading to granule-plasma membrane fusion and suggest that Fgr and Hck would be targets for pharmacological control of adhesion-dependent degranulation in the inflammatory site.[1]


  1. Adhesion-dependent degranulation of neutrophils requires the Src family kinases Fgr and Hck. Mócsai, A., Ligeti, E., Lowell, C.A., Berton, G. J. Immunol. (1999) [Pubmed]
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