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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Adenosine A1 receptors in human hippocampus: inhibition of [3H]8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dipropylxanthine binding by antagonist drugs.

Adenosine A1 receptors were visualized in human hippocampus using [3H]8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dipropylxanthine (DPCPX) as a radioactive ligand probe. The receptor antagonists caffeine, the xanthine derivative KFM 19 and the carbamazepine analogue oxcarbazepine displaced [3H]DPCPX binding homogeneously without any marked difference between the individual layers in the investigated hippocampal subregions (n = 4). Ki's in the individual layers were in a range between 8.5 +/- 6.5 microM and 18.9 +/- 16.0 microM for caffeine and 11.5 +/- 2.8 nM and 18.1 +/- 14.1 nM for KFM 19. Ki's could not be calculated for oxcarbazepine as the IC50's were greater than 100 microM with estimated IC25's varying between 51.2 +/- 53.3 microM and 179.9 +/- 89.9 microM. Antagonism of endogenous adenosine at A1 receptors may thus explain part of the clinical effects of caffeine in humans and possibly exclusively the behavioral effects of KFM 19 in non-human primates.[1]


  1. Adenosine A1 receptors in human hippocampus: inhibition of [3H]8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dipropylxanthine binding by antagonist drugs. Deckert, J., Berger, W., Kleopa, K., Heckers, S., Ransmayr, G., Heinsen, H., Beckmann, H., Riederer, P. Neurosci. Lett. (1993) [Pubmed]
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