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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Novel mutations in the p16/CDKN2A binding region of the cyclin-dependent kinase-4 gene.

Mutations in genes that lie in the retinoblastoma pathway have been implicated in the pathogenesis of many tumor types. Two critical components that determine progression from G1 to S include p16/CDKN2A and CDK4. Alterations in p16/CDKN2A have been well documented in multiple cancers, including melanoma. However, changes in CDK4 are apparently more rare. Only two alterations, both at codon 24, have been identified in CDK4: an activating arginine-to-cysteine transition and a germ-line arginine-to-histidine substitution in one French kindred. In a survey of 20 neuroblastomas, 17 uncultured metastatic melanomas, 33 uncultured primary uveal melanomas, 8 colon cancer cell lines, and 20 primary colon cancer samples, we found no evidence of mutations in exon 2 of CDK4. From our cell lines derived from metastatic melanomas, we detected two alterations in the functionally critical exon 2 of CDK4: a lysine-to-glutamine transition at codon 22 and the arginine-to-histidine mutation at codon 24. These findings document several novel changes in the p16- binding region of CDK4.[1]


  1. Novel mutations in the p16/CDKN2A binding region of the cyclin-dependent kinase-4 gene. Tsao, H., Benoit, E., Sober, A.J., Thiele, C., Haluska, F.G. Cancer Res. (1998) [Pubmed]
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