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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

William A. Banks

Geriatrics Research Educational and Clinical Center

Veterans Affairs Medical Center-St. Louis



Name/email consistency: high



  • Geriatrics Research Educational and Clinical Center, Veterans Affairs Medical Center-St. Louis, USA. 1999 - 2010
  • GRECC, Veterans Affairs Medical Center - St. Louis and Saint Louis University School of Medicine, Division of Geriatrics, Department of Internal Medicine, USA. 1998 - 2010
  • Veterans Affairs Medical Center-St Louis, 915 N, Grand Blvd, St, Louis, USA. 2001 - 2009
  • Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Geriatrics, Geriatric Research, Education, USA. 2004


  1. The blood-brain barrier and immune function and dysfunction. Banks, W.A., Erickson, M.A. Neurobiol. Dis. (2010) [Pubmed]
  2. Minimal penetration of lipopolysaccharide across the murine blood-brain barrier. Banks, W.A., Robinson, S.M. Brain Behav. Immun. (2010) [Pubmed]
  3. Blood-brain barrier as a regulatory interface. Banks, W.A. Forum. Nutr (2010) [Pubmed]
  4. Gut-brain communications: not the same at all ages. Banks, W.A. Endocrinology (2010) [Pubmed]
  5. The blood-brain barrier in psychoneuroimmunology. Banks, W.A. Immunol. Allergy. Clin. North. Am (2009) [Pubmed]
  6. Characteristics of compounds that cross the blood-brain barrier. Banks, W.A. BMC. Neurol (2009) [Pubmed]
  7. Transport of prion protein across the blood-brain barrier. Banks, W.A., Robinson, S.M., Diaz-Espinoza, R., Urayama, A., Soto, C. Exp. Neurol. (2009) [Pubmed]
  8. Delivery of testosterone to the brain by intranasal administration: comparison to intravenous testosterone. Banks, W.A., Morley, J.E., Niehoff, M.L., Mattern, C. J. Drug. Target (2009) [Pubmed]
  9. Delivery of peptides to the brain: emphasis on therapeutic development. Banks, W.A. Biopolymers (2008) [Pubmed]
  10. Nitric oxide isoenzymes regulate lipopolysaccharide-enhanced insulin transport across the blood-brain barrier. Banks, W.A., Dohgu, S., Lynch, J.L., Fleegal-DeMotta, M.A., Erickson, M.A., Nakaoke, R., Vo, T.Q. Endocrinology (2008) [Pubmed]
  11. Delivery of galanin-like peptide to the brain: targeting with intranasal delivery and cyclodextrins. Nonaka, N., Farr, S.A., Kageyama, H., Shioda, S., Banks, W.A. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. (2008) [Pubmed]
  12. The blood-brain barrier: connecting the gut and the brain. Banks, W.A. Regul. Pept. (2008) [Pubmed]
  13. Effects of triglycerides, obesity, and starvation on ghrelin transport across the blood-brain barrier. Banks, W.A., Burney, B.O., Robinson, S.M. Peptides (2008) [Pubmed]
  14. The blood-brain barrier as a cause of obesity. Banks, W.A. Curr. Pharm. Des. (2008) [Pubmed]
  15. Developing drugs that can cross the blood-brain barrier: applications to Alzheimer's disease. Banks, W.A. BMC. Neurosci (2008) [Pubmed]
  16. Insulin resistance syndrome in the elderly: assessment of functional, biochemical, metabolic, and inflammatory status. Banks, W.A., Willoughby, L.M., Thomas, D.R., Morley, J.E. Diabetes. Care (2007) [Pubmed]
  17. Anti-amyloid beta protein antibody passage across the blood-brain barrier in the SAMP8 mouse model of Alzheimer's disease: an age-related selective uptake with reversal of learning impairment. Banks, W.A., Farr, S.A., Morley, J.E., Wolf, K.M., Geylis, V., Steinitz, M. Exp. Neurol. (2007) [Pubmed]
  18. The blood-brain barrier in psychoneuroimmunology. Banks, W.A. Neurol. Clin (2006) [Pubmed]
  19. The CNS as a target for peptides and peptide-based drugs. Banks, W.A. Expert. Opin. Drug. Deliv (2006) [Pubmed]
  20. Preproenkephalin targeted antisenses cross the blood-brain barrier to reduce brain methionine enkephalin levels and increase voluntary ethanol drinking. Banks, W.A., Jaeger, L.B., Urayama, A., Kumar, V.B., Hileman, S.M., Gaskin, F.S., Llanza, N.V., Farr, S.A., Morley, J.E. Peptides (2006) [Pubmed]
  21. Denial versus dualism: the blood-brain barrier as an interface of the gut-brain axis. Banks, W.A. Endocrinology (2006) [Pubmed]
  22. The effects of high fat diets on the blood-brain barrier transport of leptin: failure or adaptation?. Banks, W.A., Farr, S.A., Morley, J.E. Physiol. Behav. (2006) [Pubmed]
  23. The blood-brain barrier in neuroAIDS. Banks, W.A., Ercal, N., Price, T.O. Curr. HIV Res. (2006) [Pubmed]
  24. The blood-brain barrier as a regulatory interface in the gut-brain axes. Banks, W.A. Physiol. Behav. (2006) [Pubmed]
  25. Aluminum complexing enhances amyloid beta protein penetration of blood-brain barrier. Banks, W.A., Niehoff, M.L., Drago, D., Zatta, P. Brain Res. (2006) [Pubmed]
  26. Blood-brain barrier and energy balance. Banks, W.A. Obesity. (Silver. Spring) (2006) [Pubmed]
  27. Effects of a behaviorally active antibody on the brain uptake and clearance of amyloid beta proteins. Banks, W.A., Pagliari, P., Nakaoke, R., Morley, J.E. Peptides (2005) [Pubmed]
  28. Blood-brain barrier transport of cytokines: a mechanism for neuropathology. Banks, W.A. Curr. Pharm. Des. (2005) [Pubmed]
  29. Permeability of the blood-brain barrier to HIV-1 Tat. Banks, W.A., Robinson, S.M., Nath, A. Exp. Neurol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  30. Evidence that the species barrier of human immunodeficiency virus-1 does not extend to uptake by the blood--brain barrier: comparison of mouse and human brain microvessels. Banks, W.A., Kumar, V.B., Franko, M.W., Bess, J.W., Arthur, L.O. Life Sci. (2005) [Pubmed]
  31. Brain uptake of the glucagon-like peptide-1 antagonist exendin(9-39) after intranasal administration. Banks, W.A., During, M.J., Niehoff, M.L. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. (2004) [Pubmed]
  32. Neuroimmune networks and communication pathways: the importance of location. Banks, W.A. Brain Behav. Immun. (2004) [Pubmed]
  33. The source of cerebral insulin. Banks, W.A. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  34. Passage of murine scrapie prion protein across the mouse vascular blood-brain barrier. Banks, W.A., Niehoff, M.L., Adessi, C., Soto, C. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (2004) [Pubmed]
  35. Triglycerides induce leptin resistance at the blood-brain barrier. Banks, W.A., Coon, A.B., Robinson, S.M., Moinuddin, A., Shultz, J.M., Nakaoke, R., Morley, J.E. Diabetes (2004) [Pubmed]
  36. Are the extracellular [correction of extracelluar] pathways a conduit for the delivery of therapeutics to the brain?. Banks, W.A. Curr. Pharm. Des. (2004) [Pubmed]
  37. The many lives of leptin. Banks, W.A. Peptides (2004) [Pubmed]
  38. Influence of ethanol dependence and methionine enkephalin antisense on serum endomorphin-1 and methionine enkephalin levels. Banks, W.A., Kumar, V.B., Morley, J.E. Alcohol. Clin. Exp. Res. (2004) [Pubmed]
  39. Antiaging methods and medicines for the memory. Banks, W.A., Farr, S.A. Clin. Geriatr. Med. (2004) [Pubmed]
  40. Permeability of the mouse blood-brain barrier to murine interleukin-2: predominance of a saturable efflux system. Banks, W.A., Niehoff, M.L., Zalcman, S.S. Brain Behav. Immun. (2004) [Pubmed]
  41. Binding, internalization, and membrane incorporation of human immunodeficiency virus-1 at the blood-brain barrier is differentially regulated. Banks, W.A., Robinson, S.M., Wolf, K.M., Bess, J.W., Arthur, L.O. Neuroscience (2004) [Pubmed]
  42. Passage of erythropoietic agents across the blood-brain barrier: a comparison of human and murine erythropoietin and the analog darbepoetin alfa. Banks, W.A., Jumbe, N.L., Farrell, C.L., Niehoff, M.L., Heatherington, A.C. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  43. Impaired transport of leptin across the blood-brain barrier in obesity is acquired and reversible. Banks, W.A., Farrell, C.L. Am. J. Physiol. Endocrinol. Metab. (2003) [Pubmed]
  44. Serum leptin levels as a marker for a syndrome X-like condition in wild baboons. Banks, W.A., Altmann, J., Sapolsky, R.M., Phillips-Conroy, J.E., Morley, J.E. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. (2003) [Pubmed]
  45. Is obesity a disease of the blood-brain barrier? Physiological, pathological, and evolutionary considerations. Banks, W.A. Curr. Pharm. Des. (2003) [Pubmed]
  46. Efflux of human and mouse amyloid beta proteins 1-40 and 1-42 from brain: impairment in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease. Banks, W.A., Robinson, S.M., Verma, S., Morley, J.E. Neuroscience (2003) [Pubmed]
  47. Effects of chronic ethanol on brain and serum level of methionine enkephalin. Banks, W.A., Wolf, K.M., Niehoff, M.L. Peptides (2003) [Pubmed]
  48. The effects of animal-assisted therapy on loneliness in an elderly population in long-term care facilities. Banks, M.R., Banks, W.A. J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci. (2002) [Pubmed]
  49. Transport of an antifungal trypsin inhibitor isolated from corn across the blood-brain barrier. Banks, W.A., Niehoff, M.L., Brown, R.L., Chen, Z.Y., Cleveland, T.E. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. (2002) [Pubmed]
  50. Extent and direction of ghrelin transport across the blood-brain barrier is determined by its unique primary structure. Banks, W.A., Tschöp, M., Robinson, S.M., Heiman, M.L. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. (2002) [Pubmed]
  51. Strategies for the delivery of leptin to the CNS. Banks, W.A., Lebel, C.R. J. Drug. Target (2002) [Pubmed]
  52. Differential transport of a secretin analog across the blood-brain and blood-cerebrospinal fluid barriers of the mouse. Banks, W.A., Goulet, M., Rusche, J.R., Niehoff, M.L., Boismenu, R. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. (2002) [Pubmed]
  53. Leptin transport across the blood-brain barrier of the Koletsky rat is not mediated by a product of the leptin receptor gene. Banks, W.A., Niehoff, M.L., Martin, D., Farrell, C.L. Brain Res. (2002) [Pubmed]
  54. Passage of amyloid beta protein antibody across the blood-brain barrier in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease. Banks, W.A., Terrell, B., Farr, S.A., Robinson, S.M., Nonaka, N., Morley, J.E. Peptides (2002) [Pubmed]
  55. Entry of blood-borne cytokines into the central nervous system: effects on cognitive processes. Banks, W.A., Farr, S.A., Morley, J.E. Neuroimmunomodulation (2002) [Pubmed]
  56. Leptin transport across the blood-brain barrier: implications for the cause and treatment of obesity. Banks, W.A. Curr. Pharm. Des. (2001) [Pubmed]
  57. Enhanced leptin transport across the blood-brain barrier by alpha 1-adrenergic agents. Banks, W.A. Brain Res. (2001) [Pubmed]
  58. Transport of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 pseudoviruses across the blood-brain barrier: role of envelope proteins and adsorptive endocytosis. Banks, W.A., Freed, E.O., Wolf, K.M., Robinson, S.M., Franko, M., Kumar, V.B. J. Virol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  59. Anorectic effects of circulating cytokines: role of the vascular blood-brain barrier. Banks, W.A. Nutrition (2001) [Pubmed]
  60. Regional transport of TNF-alpha across the blood-brain barrier in young ICR and young and aged SAMP8 mice. Banks, W.A., Moinuddin, A., Morley, J.E. Neurobiol. Aging (2001) [Pubmed]
  61. Serum leptin levels in wild and captive populations of baboons (papio): implications for the ancestral role of leptin. Banks, W.A., Phillips-Conroy, J.E., Jolly, C.J., Morley, J.E. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. (2001) [Pubmed]
  62. Saturable transport of the neurokinin-1 non-peptide antagonist LY303870 across the rat blood-brain barrier after intravenous administration. Banks, W.A., McMillian, C.L., Iyengar, S. Life Sci. (2001) [Pubmed]
  63. Intravenous human interleukin-1alpha impairs memory processing in mice: dependence on blood-brain barrier transport into posterior division of the septum. Banks, W.A., Farr, S.A., La Scola, M.E., Morley, J.E. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. (2001) [Pubmed]
  64. Obesity-inducing lesions of the central nervous system alter leptin uptake by the blood-brain barrier. Banks, W.A., King, B.M., Rossiter, K.N., Olson, R.D., Olson, G.A., Kastin, A.J. Life Sci. (2001) [Pubmed]
  65. Partial saturation and regional variation in the blood-to-brain transport of leptin in normal weight mice. Banks, W.A., Clever, C.M., Farrell, C.L. Am. J. Physiol. Endocrinol. Metab. (2000) [Pubmed]
  66. Permeability of the blood-brain barrier to albumin and insulin in the young and aged SAMP8 mouse. Banks, W.A., Farr, S.A., Morley, J.E. J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci. (2000) [Pubmed]
  67. Passage of leptin across the blood-testis barrier. Banks, W.A., McLay, R.N., Kastin, A.J., Sarmiento, U., Scully, S. Am. J. Physiol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  68. Effects of wheatgerm agglutinin and aging on the regional brain uptake of HIV-1GP120. Banks, W.A., Ibrahimi, F., Farr, S.A., Flood, J.F., Morley, J.E. Life Sci. (1999) [Pubmed]
  69. Uptake and degradation of blood-borne insulin by the olfactory bulb. Banks, W.A., Kastin, A.J., Pan, W. Peptides (1999) [Pubmed]
  70. Impaired transport of leptin across the blood-brain barrier in obesity. Banks, W.A., DiPalma, C.R., Farrell, C.L. Peptides (1999) [Pubmed]
  71. Differential permeability of the blood-brain barrier to two pancreatic peptides: insulin and amylin. Banks, W.A., Kastin, A.J. Peptides (1998) [Pubmed]
  72. Diurnal uptake of circulating interleukin-1alpha by brain, spinal cord, testis and muscle. Banks, W.A., Kastin, A.J., Ehrensing, C.A. Neuroimmunomodulation (1998) [Pubmed]
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