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Gene Review

PIGL  -  phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor...

Homo sapiens

Synonyms: N-acetylglucosaminyl-phosphatidylinositol de-N-acetylase, PIG-L, Phosphatidylinositol-glycan biosynthesis class L protein
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Disease relevance of PIGL

  • We show that human PIG-L is a type I membrane protein with a large cytoplasmic domain and that, unlike the result with mouse thymoma cells, both PIG-L and GlcNAc-PI-de-N-acetylase activity are uniformly distributed between ER and MAM in HeLa cells [1].
  • Here we show that recombinant rat PIG-L protein purified from Escherichia coli as a complex with GroEL has GlcNAc-PI de-N-acetylase activity in vitro [2].

High impact information on PIGL

  • We used HeLa cells transiently or stably expressing epitope-tagged PIG-L variants or chimeric constructs composed of elements of PIG-L fused to Tac antigen, a cell surface protein [1].
  • The full-length genes TbGPI12 and LmGPI12 were subsequently cloned, sequenced, and shown to complement a PIG-L-deficient Chinese hamster ovary cell line and restore surface expression of GPI-anchored proteins [3].
  • Moreover, we show preliminary evidence for the PIG-L and PIG-C genes [4].
  • The Saccharomyces cerevisiae YMR281W open reading frame encodes a protein (termed Gpi12p) with 24% amino acid identity with rat PIG-L [2].
  • As with other de-N-acetylases that act on the GlcNAc moiety, metal ions, in particular Mn2+ and Ni2+, enhanced the enzyme activity of PIG-L [2].

Biological context of PIGL

  • Substrate specificity of the N-acetylglucosaminyl-phosphatidylinositol de-N-acetylase of glycosylphosphatidylinositol membrane anchor biosynthesis in African trypanosomes and human cells [5].

Anatomical context of PIGL

  • We have previously cloned the rat PIG-L gene by expression cloning that complemented a mutant Chinese hamster ovary cell line defective in this step [2].


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