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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Dok-R mediates attenuation of epidermal growth factor-dependent mitogen-activated protein kinase and Akt activation through processive recruitment of c-Src and Csk.

Dok-R has previously been shown to associate with the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and become tyrosine phosphorylated in response to EGF stimulation. The recruitment of Dok-R to the EGFR, which is mediated through its phosphotyrosine binding (PTB) domain, results in attenuation of mitogen-activated protein kinase ( MAPK) activation. Dok-R's ability to attenuate EGF-driven MAPK activation is independent of its ability to recruit rasGAP, a known attenuator of MAPK activity, suggesting an alternate Dok-R-mediated pathway. Herein, we have determined the structural determinants within Dok-R that are required for its ability to attenuate EGF signaling and to associate with c-Src and with the Src family kinase (SFK)-inhibitory kinase, Csk. We demonstrate that Dok-R associates constitutively with c-Src through an SH3-dependent interaction and that this association is essential to Dok-R's ability to attenuate c-Src activity and diminish MAPK and Akt/ PKB activity. We further illustrate that EGF-dependent phosphorylation of Dok-R requires SFK activity and, more specifically, that SFK-dependent phosphorylation of tyrosine 402 on Dok-R facilitates the inducible recruitment of Csk. We propose that recruitment of Csk to Dok-R serves to bring Csk to c-Src and down-regulate its activity, resulting in a concomitant attenuation of MAPK and Akt/ PKB activity. Furthermore, we demonstrate that Dok-R can abrogate c-Src's ability to protect the breast cancer cell line SKBR3 from anoikis and that an association with c-Src and Csk is required for this activity. Collectively these results demonstrate that Dok-R acts as an EGFR- recruited scaffolding molecule that processively assembles c-Src and Csk to attenuate signaling from the EGFR.[1]


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