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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

MDM2 promoter polymorphism and pancreatic cancer risk and prognosis.

PURPOSE: The mouse double minute 2 homologue (MDM2) -309T/G promoter polymorphism has been associated recently with the development and prognosis of a variety of tumors. The G allele is associated with increased affinity for Sp1 binding and higher MDM2 mRNA and protein levels, leading to diminished tumor suppressor activity of the p53 pathway. We hypothesized that the G allele is also associated with increased risk and worse outcome in pancreatic cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We evaluated the association between MDM2 309T/G and the risk of histologically confirmed pancreatic adenocarcinoma at Massachusetts General Hospital using unconditional logistic regression (123 cases and 372 controls). Complete overall survival and progression-free survival data were also available for 109 newly diagnosed patients. RESULTS: The adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) of pancreatic cancer associated with the MDM2 T/G and G/G genotypes compared with TT were 1.89 (1.20-2.99) and 2.07 (1.03-4.16), respectively (adjusting for age, gender, smoking status, and pack-years of smoking). In Cox proportional hazards model with the wild-type T/T genotype as the reference category and adjusting for stage, treatment, and performance status, both the heterozygous T/G and the homozygous G/G genotypes were associated with decreased progression-free survival [adjusted hazard ratio (95% confidence interval), 1.67 (0.98-2.84) for T/G and 2.28 (1.11-4.71) for G/G] and overall survival [2.64 (1.23-5.67) for T/G and 3.12 (1.22-7.91) for G/G]. CONCLUSIONS: The G allele of the MDM2 -309T/G polymorphism is associated with 2- to 3-fold increase risk and progression of pancreatic adenocarcinoma and a corresponding decrease in survival.[1]


  1. MDM2 promoter polymorphism and pancreatic cancer risk and prognosis. Asomaning, K., Reid, A.E., Zhou, W., Heist, R.S., Zhai, R., Su, L., Kwak, E.L., Blaszkowsky, L., Zhu, A.X., Ryan, D.P., Christiani, D.C., Liu, G. Clin. Cancer Res. (2008) [Pubmed]
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