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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Characterization of Hemiselmis amylosa sp. nov. and phylogenetic placement of the blue-green cryptomonads H. amylosa and Falcomonas daucoides.

The morphology and ultrastructure of a new freshwater blue-green cryptomonad, Hemiselmis amylosa sp. nov., is described. In addition, a marine blue-green cryptomonad isolate was confirmed as Falcomonas daucoides by electron microscopy and phycobilin analysis so that it could be included in molecular sequence studies, since the original isolate is no longer available. Complete ssu rRNA gene sequences for H. amylosa and F. daucoides were obtained. Our freshwater isolate of Hemiselmis possesses the same general features described for blue-green marine species, but it differs in having an eyespot, and multiple, single thylakoids penetrating the pyrenoid; therefore, a new blue-green, freshwater species is described. Phylogenetic analyses of H. amylosa and F. daucoides, as well as 24 other cryptophyte algae, indicate a monophyletic origin for all blue-green cryptomonads. Falcomonas forms a sister clade to blue-green cryptomonads, indicating that it is the most primitive extant blue-green cryptomonad and probably diverged early from other blue-green genera. Furthermore, we suggest that the eocyte blue-green cryptomonad may have originated from a Proteomonas-like progenitor that underwent a pigment change, resulting in a Falcomonas-like cell. Based on comparative morphology, the Proteomonas haplomorph may be a likely candidate in the evolutionary transformation from red to blue-green in cryptomonads; however, phylogenetic analyses neither support nor refute this hypothesis. Finally, the current status of cryptomonad classification is addressed.[1]


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