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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cannabinoids of diverse structure inhibit two DOI-induced 5-HT(2A) receptor-mediated behaviors in mice.

We have recently shown that the selective cannabinoid CB(1) receptor antagonist SR 141716A produces robust frequencies of head-twitch response (HTR) and ear-scratch response (ESR) in drug-naive mice. Both behaviors were potently blocked by the selective 5-HT(2A/C) receptor antagonist SR 46349B. Selective 5-HT(2A/C) agonists such as DOI also produce these behaviors in mice. The purpose of the present study was to: (1) investigate whether Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta(9)-THC) and its analogs [Delta(8)-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta(8)-THC), HU-210, CP 55,940, and WIN 55,212-2] can prevent the DOI-induced behaviors and (2) to see whether any correlation exists in the ID(50) potency order of these cannabinoids in inhibiting the DOI-induced HTR and ESR relative to their published ED(50) potency profiles in producing the tetrad of behaviors in mice. Thus, at 0 min, different groups of mice were injected intraperitoneally with either vehicle or varying doses of the following cannabinoids: Delta(9)-THC (0.25-20 mg/kg), Delta(8)-THC (2.5-20 mg/kg), HU-210 (0.02-0.5 mg/kg), CP 55,940 (0.004-0.5 mg/kg), and WIN 55,212-2 (0.5-10 mg/kg). Twenty minutes later, each mouse received an intraperitoneal injection of DOI (1 mg/kg) and the frequencies of DOI-induced behaviors (mean +/- S.E.M.) were recorded for the next 20 min. The tested cannabinoids reduced the frequencies of both DOI-induced HTR and ESR in a dose-dependent fashion. HU-210 was the most potent inhibitor of HTR, whereas CP 55,940 was most effective against ESR. The ID(50) potency order of cannabinoids in blocking the HTR is: HU-210 > CP 55,940 > WIN 55,212-2 > Delta(9)-THC > Delta(8)-THC, which is identical to their published order of potency in producing the tetrad of behaviors in mice. On the other hand, they had the following ID(50) potency order against the ESR: CP 55,940 > HU-210 > WIN 55,212-2 > Delta(9)-THC > Delta(8)-THC. The tested cannabinoids were 3-30 times more potent in preventing the ESR than the HTR. The data show that cannabinoids inhibit 5-HT(2A) receptor-mediated functions in a potent but differential manner.[1]


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