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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Contribution of particulate phosphorus to runoff phosphorus bioavailability.

Runoff P associated with eroded soil is partly solubilized in receiving waters and contributes to eutrophication, but the significance of particulate phosphorus ( PP) in the eutrophying P load is debatable. We assessed losses of bioavailable P fractions in field runoff from fine-textured soils (Cryaquepts). Surface runoff at four sites and drain-flow at two of them was sampled. In addition to dissolved molybdate-reactive phosphorus (DRP) losses, two estimates of bioavailable PP losses were made: (i) desorbable PP, assessed by anion exchange resin-extraction (AER- PP) and (ii) redox-sensitive PP, assessed by extraction with bicarbonate and dithionite (BD- PP). Annual losses of BD- PP and AER- PP were derived from the relationships (R2 = 0.77-0.96) between PP and these P forms. Losses of BD- PP in surface runoff (94-1340 g ha(-1)) were typically threefold to fivefold those of DRP (29-510 kg ha(-1)) or AER- PP (13-270 g ha(-1)). Where monitored, drainflow P losses were substantial, at one of the sites even far greater than those via the surface pathway. Typical runoff DRP concentration at the site with the highest Olsen-P status (69-82 mg kg(-1)) was about 10-fold that at the site with the lowest Olsen P (31-45 mg kg(-1)), whereas the difference in AER- PP per mass unit of sediment was only threefold, and that of BD- PP 2.5-fold. Bioavailable P losses were greatly influenced by PP runoff, especially so on soils with a moderate P status that produced runoff with a relatively low DRP concentration.[1]


  1. Contribution of particulate phosphorus to runoff phosphorus bioavailability. Uusitalo, R., Turtola, E., Puustinen, M., Paasonen-Kivekäs, M., Uusi-Kämppä, J. J. Environ. Qual. (2003) [Pubmed]
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