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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Pharmacokinetics of total and unbound ertapenem in healthy elderly subjects.

Ertapenem is a new once-a-day parenteral carbapenem antimicrobial agent. The pharmacokinetics of unbound and total concentrations of ertapenem in plasma were investigated in elderly subjects and compared with historical data from young adults. In a single- and multiple-dose study, healthy elderly males and females (n = 14) 65 years old or older were given a 1-g intravenous (i.v.) dose once daily for 7 days. Plasma and urine samples collected for 24 h on days 1 and 7 following administration of the 1-g doses were analyzed by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. Areas under the concentration-time curve from 0 h to infinity (AUC(0- infinity )) for elderly females and males were similar following administration of 1-g single i.v. doses, and thus, the genders were pooled in subsequent analyses. Concentrations in plasma and the half-life of ertapenem were generally higher and longer, respectively, in elderly subjects than in young adults. The mean AUC(0- infinity ) of total ertapenem in the elderly was 39% higher than that in young subjects following administration of a 1-g dose. The differences were slightly greater for the mean AUC(0- infinity ) of unbound ertapenem (71%). The unbound fraction of ertapenem in elderly subjects ( approximately 5 to 11%) was generally greater than that in young adults ( approximately 5 to 8%). As in young adults, ertapenem did not accumulate upon multiple dosing in the elderly. The pharmacokinetics of ertapenem in elderly subjects, while slightly different from those in young adults, do not require a dosage adjustment for elderly patients.[1]


  1. Pharmacokinetics of total and unbound ertapenem in healthy elderly subjects. Musson, D.G., Majumdar, A., Holland, S., Birk, K., Xi, L., Mistry, G., Sciberras, D., Muckow, J., Deutsch, P., Rogers, J.D. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. (2004) [Pubmed]
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