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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Opposing roles of zyxin/LPP ACTA repeats and the LIM domain region in cell-cell adhesion.

Cadherins mediate cell-cell adhesion by linking cell junctions to actin networks. Although several actin regulatory systems have been implicated in cell-cell adhesion, it remains unclear how such systems drive cadherin-actin network formation and how they are regulated to coincide with initiation of adhesion. Previous work implicated VASP in assembly of cell-cell junctions in keratinocytes and the VASP-binding protein zyxin colocalizes with VASP at cell-cell junctions. Here we examine how domains in zyxin and its relative LPP contribute to cell-cell junction assembly. Using a quantitative assay for cell-cell adhesion, we demonstrate that zyxin and LPP function to increase the rate of early cell-cell junction assembly through the VASP-binding ActA repeat region. We also identify the LIM region of zyxin and LPP to be a regulatory domain that blocks function of these proteins. Deletion of the LIM domains drives adhesion and increases VASP level in detergent insoluble cadherin-actin. Dominant-negative zyxin/LPP mutants reduce the rate of adhesion, lower VASP levels in detergent-insoluble cadherin-actin networks, and allow for the accumulation of capping protein at cell-cell contacts. These data implicate the LIM domains of zyxin and LPP in regulating cell-cell junction assembly through VASP.[1]


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